Madagascar (/ˌmædəˈɡæskər/ ; Malagasy:Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Malagasy:Repoblikan'i Madagasikara[republiˈkʲan madaɡasˈkʲarə̥]; French:République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of Southeast Africa. The nation comprises the island of Madagascar (the fourth-largest island in the world), as well as numerous smaller peripheral islands. Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinentGondwana, Madagascar split from the Indian peninsula around 88million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation. Consequently, Madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot; over 90% of its wildlife is found nowhere else on Earth. The island's diverse ecosystems and unique wildlife are threatened by the encroachment of the rapidly growing human population and other environmental threats.
An accompanying documentary, Attenborough and the Giant Egg, was broadcast on BBC Two in March 2011. In this one-off programme, David Attenborough undertakes a personal journey back to Madagascar to investigate the fate of Aepyornis, the island's extinct elephant birds. Believed to be the largest birds which have ever lived, evidence of their existence can still be found on the island. Whilst filming Zoo Quest to Madagascar in 1961, Attenborough pieced together a complete elephant bird egg from fragments of shell collected for him.
Madagascar is a software package for multidimensional data analysis and reproducible computational experiments. Its mission is to provide
a convenient and powerful environment
a convenient technology transfer tool
for researchers working with digital image and data processing in geophysics and related fields. Technology developed using the Madagascar project management system is transferred in the form of recorded processing histories, which become "computational recipes" to be verified, exchanged, and modified by users of the system.
The Madagascar environment consists of:
Standalone programs for out-of-core data analysis;
Standalone programs for geophysical data processing and imaging;
A development kit for C, C++, Java, Fortran-77, Fortran-90, Python, Matlab, and Octave;
A framework for reproducible numerical experiments, based on SCons;
A framework for scientific publications, based on SCons and LaTeX;
A collection of reproducible scientific articles also used as usage examples and regression tests for the standalone programs;
In this new series, she is our companion on a journey through Indonesia, Madagascar, Jordan and Zanzibar, tracing the history of the spice trade. Celebrity travelogues are the scourge of television but I will always make an exception for Lumley ... .
... a provider of internet, voice and television services throughout Madagascar, has selected Ribbon's ApolloOptical Networking solution to upgrade the bandwidth capacity of its communications network.